« Selfish people do not know how to converse, they speak only to themselves. »
[Amos Bronson Alcott]
American writer and teacher. 1799-1888
Amos Bronson Alcott (29 novembre 1799 – 4 mars 1888) est un professeur, écrivain et philosophe américain connu pour ses idées progressiste et ses deux projets utopiques avortés, dans les années 1830 et 1880 fondés sur des méthodes éducatives non conventionnelles et sur un mode de vie communautaire et connus sous le nom de Fruitlands. Alcott est un végan ante litteram, le terme « véganisme » ayant était introduit après sa mort. Alcott est également un transcendantaliste proche d’Henry David Thoreau et de Ralph Waldo Emerson et le père de l’écrivain Louisa May Alcott, qui a écrit Little Women.
Source : Wikipedia
Amos Bronson Alcott (November 29, 1799 – March 4, 1888) was an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways of interacting with young students, focusing on a conversational style, and avoided traditional punishment. He hoped to perfect the human spirit and, to that end, advocated a vegan diet before the term was coined. He was also an abolitionist and an advocate for women’s rights.
Born in Connecticut in 1799, Alcott had only minimal formal schooling before attempting a career as a traveling salesman. Worried about how the itinerant life might negatively impact his soul, he turned to teaching. His innovative methods, however, were controversial, and he rarely stayed in one place very long. His most well-known teaching position was at the Temple School in Boston. His experience there was turned into two books: Records of a School and Conversations with Children on the Gospels. Alcott became friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson and became a major figure in transcendentalism. His writings on behalf of that movement, however, are heavily criticized for being incoherent. Based on his ideas for human perfection, Alcott founded Fruitlands, a transcendentalist experiment in community living. The project was short-lived and failed after seven months. Alcott continued to struggle financially for most of his life. Nevertheless, he continued focusing on educational projects and opened a new school at the end of his life in 1879. He died in 1888.
Alcott married Abby May in 1830 and they eventually had four surviving children, all daughters. Their second was Louisa May, who fictionalized her experience with the family in her novel Little Women in 1868. Alcott is often criticized for his inability to earn a living and support his family; he often relied on loans from his brother-in-law, Emerson, and others. He was never financially secure until his daughter became a best-selling novelist.
Source : Wikipedia